Minas Gerais is an ecological reservoir with great biodiversity. The vegetation includes Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, a Savannah-like ecosystem, and Caatinga (shrubland).


Minas Gerais is known as the guardian of the Brazilian historical-cultural heritage, especially in its historical cities. The state holds about 60% of the Brazilian historical heritage. Trip Advisor has selected Inhotim among the 20 best museums in the world. Recently, UNESCO recognized the Pampulha Architectural Ensemble.


Minas Gerais has a high Human Development Index, according to the Human Development Atlas in Brazil. Belo Horizonte is considered the best capital to live in today in Brazil, according to Delta Economics & Finance. Extrema, in the south of the state, was considered the most developed city in Brazil, according to a study by Firjan (Federation of Industries of the State of Rio de Janeiro).


Minas Gerais stands out in sustainability. The city capital, Belo Horizonte, was selected for the second consecutive year as the WWF Earth Hour Brazilian capital, with highlight for the use of solar energy. Belo Horizonte is also Brazil’s main smart city concerned with the environment, according to the Smart Cities ranking by Urban Systems.